The Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Analysis of Process of Formation of Carbides in Chromium Steel During Tempering
S. V. Bobyr
Z.I. Nekrasov Iron and Steel Institute, NAS of Ukraine, 1 Akademika Starodubova Sq., 49050 Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine
Received: 05.06.2013; final version - 25.08.2014. Download: PDF
Nonequilibrium thermodynamics analysis of the process of carbide formation in chromium steel is performed. In Onsager equations for the model thermodynamic system, the crossed factors, driving forces, and flows are calculated. The sizes of carbides formed in chromium steel during tempering are estimated.
Key words: carbides, chromium steel, diffusion, nonequilibrium thermodynamics, equations of motion.
PACS: 05.70.Ln, 61.72.Bb, 61.72.Cc, 64.60.Ej, 66.30.Dn
Citation: S. V. Bobyr, The Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic Analysis of Process of Formation of Carbides in Chromium Steel During Tempering, Metallofiz. Noveishie Tekhnol., 36, No. 10: 1385—1398 (2014) (in Russian)