Formation of Amorphous State in Bulk Samples of the Iron-Based Multicomponent Alloys

V. K. Nosenko$^{1}$, О. Yu. Rudenko$^{1}$, T. N. Moiseeva$^{2}$, V. V. Maksimov$^{2}$, M. S. Nizameyev$^{1}$, A. I. Limanovskii$^{2}$, O. M. Semyrga$^{1}$, V. I. Tkatch$^{2}$

$^{1}$G. V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics, NAS of Ukraine, 36 Academician Vernadsky Blvd., UA-03142 Kyiv, Ukraine
$^{2}$Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering Named after O.O. Galkin, NAS of Ukraine, 46 Nauky Ave., UA-03028 Kyiv, Ukraine

Received: 07.09.2015. Download: PDF

The glass-forming ability (GFA) of a number of the new multicomponent Fe-based alloys and their mechanical properties are investigated by X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry, and microhardness measurements. The Fe$_{69}$Mn$_{1}$Mo$_{4}$Cr$_{2}$C$_{7}$P$_{10}$B$_{5}$Si$_{2}$ and Fe$_{55}$Ni$_{8}$Co$_{6}$Mo$_{4}$Cr$_{2}$V$_{1}$Al$_{2}$P$_{9}$C$_{6}$B$_{5}$Si$_{2}$ alloys are obtained in amorphous state by copper mould casting in plates with thickness of 0.5 and 2 mm, respectively, while crystallization of the Fe$_{50.0}$Ni$_{19.0}$Cr$_{6.5}$Мо$_{1.5}$V$_{1}$B$_{14.1}$С$_{2.5}$Р$_{4.4}$Si$_{1}$ alloy is suppressed only in thin ribbons produced by the melt-spinning processing. The GFA analysis is carried out in terms of the known thermodynamic criteria based on the values of temperatures of glass transition ($T_{g}$), onset crystallization ($T_{ons}$), and liquidus ($T_{l}$). As found, the critical cooling rates required for bulk amorphization of first two alloys predicted by the criterion of $\gamma_{m} = (2T_{ons} - T_{g})/T_{l}$ (1.01$\cdot$10$^{3}$ and 262 K/s, respectively) are in a good agreement with those (3150 и 303 K/s) estimated from the empirical ‘cooling rate—thickness’ relation. The investigated Fe-based bulk metallic glasses, whose chemical compositions may be formed using industrial raw materials, have a relatively high strength (up to 3.5 GPa) and are of interest from an application point of view.

Key words: Fe-based bulk metallic glasses, glass-forming ability, crystallization behaviour, microhardness.



PACS: 61.43.Dq, 62.20.Qp, 64.70.dg,, 81.05.Kf, 81.07.Bc, 81.70.Pg

Citation: V. K. Nosenko, О. Yu. Rudenko, T. N. Moiseeva, V. V. Maksimov, M. S. Nizameyev, A. I. Limanovskii, O. M. Semyrga, and V. I. Tkatch, Formation of Amorphous State in Bulk Samples of the Iron-Based Multicomponent Alloys, Metallofiz. Noveishie Tekhnol., 37, No. 12: 1681—1701 (2015) (in Russian)

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